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Gene Annotation

Using BLAST for Genomic Sequence Annotation

Similar to the Lecture Notes on Alignment, this is a PowerPoint presentation given by Dr. Jeremy Buhler for the GEP faculty and TA workshops. This presentation covers the basics of alignment, essential for students to correctly interpret BLAST results.

Identify D. melanogaster Ortholog

This decision tree illustrates the list of criteria that can be used to determine the putative D. melanogaster ortholog of a predicted gene.

Annotating Splice Sites: Workflow

A one-page summary/flowchart of the logic process for identifying appropriate splice sites when annotating.

GEP Annotation Workflow

This workflow provides an overview of the key analysis steps and bioinformatics tools for the annotation of a predicted gene in the Drosophila F element GEP project.

Simple Annotation Problem

This worksheet will guide you through a series of basic steps that have been found to work well for annotation of species closely related to Drosophila melanogaster. It provides a technique that can also be the foundation of annotation in other, more divergent species but in those cases other special techniques will probably be needed.

Annotation of a Drosophila Gene

This walkthrough uses the annotation of a gene on the D. biarmipes Muller F element to illustrate the GEP comparative annotation strategy. This document shows how you can investigate a feature in an annotation project using FlyBase, the Gene Record Finder, and the gene prediction and RNA-Seq evidence tracks on the GEP UCSC Genome Browser. The walkthrough then shows how you can identify the coordinates of each coding exon using NCBI BLAST, and also includes a discussion on the phases of the donor and acceptor splice sites. The walkthrough concludes by verifying the proposed gene model using the Gene Model Checker; it also includes a sample GEP Annotation Report.

Annotation of Drosophila Primer

This PowerPoint presentation provides a brief primer on the recommended annotation strategy for Drosophila projects. The presentation provides an overview of the goals of the GEP annotation project, an introduction to RNA-Seq, web databases, and a discussion on the phases of the splice donor and acceptor sites.

Browser-Based Annotation and RNA-Seq Data

This exercise continues your introduction to practical issues in comparative annotation. You will be annotating genomic sequence from the dot chromosome of Drosophila mojavensis using your knowledge of BLAST and some improved visualization tools. You will also consider how best to integrate information from high-throughput sequencing of expressed RNA.

Introduction to BLAST using Human Leptin

Dr. Justin R. DiAngelo (Penn State Berks) and Dr. Alexis Nagengast (Widener University) have developed an exercise that introduces students to the basic functionality of the NCBI web site and NCBI BLAST. Students will use NCBI BLAST to identify the putative orthologs of the human Leptin gene in other species.