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Parasitoid Wasps Project: Annotation Walkthrough

This exercise will walkthrough an example of annotating a wasp venom gene for the Parasitoid Wasps Project. It will discuss wasp versions of common GEP annotation tools—Genome Browser, Gene Record Finder, and Gene Model Checker—and provide background for the interpretation of data tracks that are unique to the Parasitoid Wasps Project.

Annotation of Transcription Start Sites in Drosophila

This walkthrough illustrates the GEP protocol for the comparative annotation of transcription start sites (TSS) in D. biarmipes. The walkthrough also includes a sample GEP TSS Report for the TSS annotation of onecut.

Searching for Transcription Start Sites in Drosophila

This PowerPoint presentation describes the recommended annotation strategy for identifying transcription start sites in Drosophila. The presentation provides an overview of the promoter architecture in D. melanogaster and describes the types of evidence that can be used to support the transcription start sites annotations.

Annotation of Other Genomic Features within the F Element Project

This presentation illustrates the unusual genomic features that GEP students have encountered as part of their annotation of Muller F Elements from Drosophila ananassae and D. bipectinata. The Muller F Elements in these two species have undergone substantial expansion compared to D. melanogaster. The presentation describes the basic strategy for identifying pseudogenes, retrogenes, partial gene duplications, pseudogene clusters, and nuclear mitochondrial DNA segments (NUMT) within these F Element annotation projects.

Annotation Strategy Guide

This document illustrates how the strategies outlined in the Annotation Instruction Sheet can be applied to more challenging annotation cases.

Annotation for D. virilis

This is a PowerPoint presentation describing the recommended strategies for annotating a D. virilis fosmid. The homology-based annotation strategy should also be applicable to annotation of D. erecta and D. mojavensis projects.

Annotation of Drosophila

This PowerPoint presentation describes the recommended annotation strategy for Drosophila projects. The presentation provides an overview of the goals of the GEP annotation project, an introduction to NCBI BLAST, web databases, and the issue of reading frames and phase.

Simple Annotation Problem

This worksheet will guide you through a series of basic steps that have been found to work well for annotation of species closely related to Drosophila melanogaster. It provides a technique that can also be the foundation of annotation in other, more divergent species but in those cases other special techniques will probably be needed.

Annotation of a Drosophila Gene

This walkthrough uses the annotation of a gene on the D. biarmipes Muller F element to illustrate the GEP comparative annotation strategy. This document shows how you can investigate a feature in an annotation project using FlyBase, the Gene Record Finder, and the gene prediction and RNA-Seq evidence tracks on the GEP UCSC Genome Browser. The walkthrough then shows how you can identify the coordinates of each coding exon using NCBI BLAST, and also includes a discussion on the phases of the donor and acceptor splice sites. The walkthrough concludes by verifying the proposed gene model using the Gene Model Checker; it also includes a sample GEP Annotation Report.